Today is the (anniversary) night that Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) was killed in Karbala and to show our sincerity and love to Sayyidina al-Husayn and to the Prophet (s), we do dhikrullah.
Inshaa-Allah those who gave their life, the Sahaabat an-Nabi (s), they gave their life for Islam to come to us or else we would never be able to reach what we reached! And it is the barakah of the Prophet (s) and barakah of his Sahaabah (r) and his Family (r) and what Allah (swt) has given him of power. So we recite from the Du`a al-Manthoor, du`as that have been read for many, many years, and especially on the occasion of `Ashooraa.
A`oodhu billahi min ash-Shaytani ‘r-Rajeem.
Inshaa-Allah His Will that day, on `Ashura and Jumu`ah, it was Allah's Will, Iraada, that Allah saved Sayyidina Adam (a), and on that day Allah saved Sayyidina Nuh (a) with his boat, on that day Allah saved Sayyidina Ibraaheem (a) from Nimrod, on that day Allah (swt) saved Sayyidina Musa (a) from Pharoah, on that day Allah (swt) saved Sayyidina `Isa (a) from those who want to kill him, on that day Prophet (s) entered Madinah, which means everything was already established and Prophet (s) entered the first Islamic madinah (town) in the world. And the Will of Allah was that Sayyidina `Umar (r) was stabbed, Sayyidina `Usman (r) was stabbed, killed, Sayyidina `Ali (a) was killed, Sayyidina al-Hasan (a) was killed, Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) was killed.
Look, the Ahlul-Bayt, Family of Prophet (s): Sayyidina `Umar (r) married a daughter of Sayyidina Muhammad (s), Sayyidina `Uthman (r) married one of his (s) daughters and when she died he married a second one, Sayyidina `Ali (a) got the best lady that Allah created, Sayyidatina Fatimatu ’z-Zahra (a), she died also very soon after Prophet (s), six months. (Who all died?) Sayyidina al-Hasan (a), Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) and Ashaab an-Nabi and Azwaaj an-Nabi and Ahlul-Bayt an-Nabi, his daughters. And we are living in peace and safety while others are living in a lot of poverty, so we should always be thankful. Allah (swt) brought us here from nothing and Allah at least gave us peace of mind, not to be like back home and in many countries, where there are a lot of problems and poverty.
The story of Sayyidina al-Husayn (a), I don’t want to go into it now, but it is distorted from its originality. People want to distort it, because they want to make fitna come and until today that fitna is growing between Sunni Sh`ia and Sh`ia Sunni. The Shi`a (say), “We love Sayyidina al-Husayn!” as if Sunnis don’t love Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) and Sunnis say they love Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) as if Shi`as don’t love Sayyidina al-Husayn (a)!
The story of Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) has been distorted and that is what is causing divisions.
We don't want to go into that story, but a little bit is that when Mu`awiya gave...in Islam there is no way for a khalif to give khilafah to his son. It’s only after Prophet (s).... Look, Sayyidina Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (r) was from al-Muhaajireen, not from the Ansaar, and Sayyidina `Umar (r) was from Muhajireen, and the khilafah moved from one to another by various ways and not all of them are related directly to the Prophet (s). But Sayyidina `Ali (a) never objected to Sayyidina Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (r), Sayyidina `Umar (r) and Sayyidina `Uthman (r) (being khalif), he took bay`a and took their hand. Between Sahaabah (r) there were no problems.
Sayyidina al-Husayn (r) was living in Madinah and for sure, since he is grandson of the Prophet (s), people came to him and wanted him to be successor. And I don't want to go into this as from the third century Sunni scholars decided not to discuss this issue as they are all Ashaab an-Nabi (r), so they decided to leave it to Allah (swt) since you cannot go into that without hurting one or another. But Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) used to get a lot of messages, makaatib, letters from Sham and Kufa, asking him to become the khalifah of the mu’mineen, saying, “You are the right one for that.”
But instead of that, Mu`awiya (r) gave it to his son while he was still alive, he passed it to his son, Yazeed. From here the situation went, although Mu`awiya is a Sahaabi, but instead of letting the Muslims decide who they want and most of the Muslims at that time wanted Sayyidina al-Husayn (a). And after Mu`awiya (r) left dunya, Yazeed was in Sham controlling the Muslim affairs very strongly, and the people of Iraq were calling to Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) to come and said they would support him to take over the khilafah. And he had lot of letters coming to him, then finally he sent one of his relatives, Muslim ibn `Aqeel (r), to Kufa to check the problem and see if they are saying the truth or not. And he found they are telling the truth and they want him to come. So he sent the message to al-Husayn (a), “Come, the people are ready for you.” That was the big mistake.
In the meantime, Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) was preparing himself to move; he went to Mecca from Madinah, on the way to Kufa. So the news reached Yazeed and he sent one of his generals, one who hates Sayyidina al-Husayn (a), one who is not loyal to Ahl al-Bayt, not even to Islam. He was thirsty to be in power, so Yazeed sent that person, `Ubayduallah ibn Ziyad, to be waali, governor over Kufa and Baghdad. So that one began to speak to heads of tribes to get them to support him against Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) with money and was able to bring all those people against Sayyidina al-Husayn (a)!
So in summary, Muslim ibn `Aqeel went back and sent a message to Sayyidina al-Husayn (a), “Don’t come, everyone is against you now,” and Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) decided to go because he gave his word. And he reached Karbala and there `Ubaydallah ibn Ziyad decided to attack him and Yazeed sent to him the son of Sa`ad ibn Abi Waqqas, whose name was `Umar, with 5,000 people to kill him (Sayyidina al-Husayn). And Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) only had 72 people who had come with him from Mecca!
And ibn Ziyad told the son of Sa`ad ibn Abi Waqqas, whose name was `Umar, “If you don’t obey my order, I will throw you out from Kufa!” Although the father of `Umar, Sa`ad ibn Abi Waqqas, was one of the biggest Sahaabi (r), his son was cheated and accepted to go against Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) and fight him or capture him to bring him under the authority of Kufa. And he told Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) that he must come and take bay`a and Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) refused and said, “How will I take bay`a with one who is such a tyrant? I will go back and I will leave you alone.”
So that one (`Umar bin Sa`ad ibn Abi Waqqas) did not accept and said, “You have to come to my place and give your hand for me, give me the bay`a.” At that time, Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) refused and what we all know happened took place. Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) had all his children with him, the grandchildren of Prophet (s), his brothers, his wife, some of the wives of Prophet, some of the daughters of Prophet (s), and all of them were taken as `anar il-harb, jawaariyy, slaves.
So when Yazeed heard this, he asked for them to be sent to him and this is where the difference is. The story says he never wanted to kill Sayyidina al-Husayn (a), but he didn’t stop `Ubaydallah ibn Ziyad from killing Sayyidina al-Husayn, therefore he is part of it. This is the Sunni concept. The Shi`a concept is that Yazeed was behind it completely and wanted to kill Sayyidina al-Husayn (a). In any case, Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) began the fight, 72 against 5,000, so they killed many of his very close relatives. There were 83 as ten more had come from Kufa, and they killed them all and then `Umar bin Sa`ad ibn Abi Waqqas wanted the head of Sayyidina al-Husayn (a), so he ordered Ziyad to bring the head of Sayyidina al-Husayn, but `Umar bin Sa`ad didn’t cut it as he was afraid, but one name Shimer came and cut the neck of Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) and was carrying it and showing it all over Kufa, and took it to the palace of `Ubaydallah ibn Ziyad, and they were playing, even with their shoes playing with the head of Sayyidina al-Husayn (a)!
That is the story in summary and Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) was killed because he did not want to break his promise, as the Prophet (s) said:
المؤمن اذا وعد وفا
Al-mu’min idha wa`ada wafaa.
A Muslim if he promises will fulfill his promise.
He fulfilled his promise and he was killed. And the Prophet (s) used to carry them, Sayyidina al-Hasan (a) and Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) one on the right, one on the left and kiss this one and kiss that one. One man came to him and said to him, “Yaa Rasoolullah, you love them?” He said, man lam yarham laa yurham, “Of course I love them. Who does not show mercy, Allah will not show him mercy.”
That man said, “I have ten children and I never kissed them, and you are kissing your grandchildren.”
And Prophet (s) said about Sayyidina al-Husayn (a), to show how close Husayn was to him:
حسين مني و أنا من حسين ، أحب الله من أحب حسيناً ، حسين سبط من الأسباط
Al-Husaynu minnee wa anaa mina ’l-Husayn, ahabb-Allahu man ahabb Husayna, Husayn sibtun min al-Asbaat.
Husayn is from me and I am from him! May Allah love whomsoever loves Husayn! Husayn is one of the youth from the Youth.
Also it is said that Sayyidina al-Hasan (a) looked like Prophet (s) from his head to his chin, similar to Prophet (s), and from the neck down Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) looked like the Prophet (s), so together, Sayyidina al-Hasan (a) and Sayyidina al-Husayn (a) look as a whole like the Prophet (s). May Allah (swt) make us to meet them in Paradise and to be with Prophet (s) and his Family (a)! Look how much they suffered and how much ni`ama we are in.
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