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The Honor of Witnessing Ramadan

Mawlana Shaykh Hisham Kabbani

20 July 2012 Burton, Michigan

Jumu`ah Khutbah at As-Siddiq Mosque

First Day of Ramadan 1433

(Du`a of Khutbah)

Alhamdulillah for The One Who granted us to be from Ummat an-Nabi (s) and Who honored us with the Holy Qur'an ...

A`oodhu billahi min ash-Shaytaani ‘r-rajim. Bismillahi 'r-Rahmaani 'r-Raheem. Allah (swt) said:

شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِيَ أُنزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ هُدًى لِّلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَاتٍ مِّنَ الْهُدَى وَالْفُرْقَانِ فَمَن شَهِدَ مِنكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَْ

Shahru ramadaana alladhee unzila feehi 'l-quraan hudan li 'n-naasi wa bayyinaatin mina 'l-hudaa wa 'l-furqaan. fa-man shahida minkumu 'sh-shahra f 'al-yasumhu wa man kaana mareedan aw `alaa safarin fa`iddatun min ayyaamin ukhar.

Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur'an as a guide to mankind, also as clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong). So every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting, but if any one is ill or on a journey, the prescribed period (should be made up) by days later. (Surat al-Baqara, 2:185)

O Muslims! Believers! Alhamdulillah that Allah (swt) gave us life to reach this Ramadan, and we ask that, inshaa-Allah, Allah will give us long life to reach another Ramadan and many more months of Ramadan, as it is the month of the ummah, as the Prophet (s) said in his hadith:

رجب شهر الله، وشعبان شهري، ورمضان شهر أمتي

Rajabun shahrullah wa Sha`baanu shahree wa Ramadaanu shahra ummatee.

Rajab is Allah's month, Sha`baan is my month and Ramadan is the month of my Ummah.

(Abul-Fath ibn Abi Fawaris in his `Amalee from al-Hasan)

That is why the Prophet (s) used to fast a lot in the month of Shaa`ban, and as Sayyida `Ayesha (r) said, “He used to fast almost the whole month.” And Ramadan is your month, it is the month of Muslims, Ummat an-Nabi (s). Wa ummatu Rasool (s) hiya Ummat ad-Da`wah wa Ummat al-Ijaba, Ummat al-Ijaba: those who believed in Prophet (s) and those who are Muslims. Ummat ad-Da`wah are those who did not yet accept Prophet (s) and they are in danger. So everyone after Prophet (s) is considered Ummat an-Nabi and one group will be rewarded, while the other will be punished. Those will be punished are those who do not accept Islam. Also, one of the conditions to be Muslim is to fast Ramadan; it is one of the obligations. Unfortunately, we see with a lot of sadness and sorrow in our hearts, many people come and say, “I have a question,” and they realize they have a problem with Ramadan, because they didn’t fast and now they changed their mind and want to fast Ramadan. So what to do then with someone who didn’t fast for ten, twenty, or even forty years? They are now beginning to practice Islam and they remember they have to pray and fast Ramadan. What to tell them? Any day you broke your fast in Ramadan intentionally or you did not fast, you must fast for two consecutive months for one missed day! For one day you have to make kaffarah by fasting sixty consecutive days. If you cannot fast for any (valid) reason, you have to feed sixty homeless or poor people for each day that was missed. And think how many years they did that!

O Muslims! This is the month of the ummah, in which Allah (swt) wants to forgive His Servants by our fasting Ramadan. In a Hadith Qudsi, Allah (swt) says:

الصوم لي وانا اُجزي به

As-sawmu lee wa anaa ajzee beeh.

Fasting is for Me and I will reward it.

Allah Himself will reward those who fast Ramadan!

O People! O Muslims! Raise your children to know their religion. Don’t say there is no life after this life. Who told you there is no life after this life? Do you want to be “reincarnated” as a snake or a dog, is that what you like? From a human being that can think, do you want to become a dog urinating on the streets, or a worm that someone will step on? That is the Hindu and Buddhist belief in reincarnation! You are a human being and Ramadan will raise your status and fasting in Ramadan will build up your spiritual station.

One time Sayyidina `Ali (r) debated with non-believers, people who worshipped statutes, like Hindus (sorry to give that example), and they said, “We want to debate with you that there is no Creator, as you are saying ‘an ilah.’ We don’t believe in that.” They asked him 101 questions and he answered all of them, then finally they said, “Show us a Creator, then we will accept.”

Sayyidina `Ali (r) said, “Physically show me your intelligence in your brain; show me your brain, how it works!” He did not want to see by writing on paper, but the physical presence of intelligence. Can you show that? No one can because intelligence is embedded in the brain by Allah (swt).

They said, “Still we don't believe!”

He said, “Wait, I will give you an answer. Come, let’s go to the shore.” They went to Jeddah and Sayyidina `Ali said, “You see that boat coming? It has no captain and no crew.”

They said, “Yaa `Ali! We thought you are a clever person, but how can a ship move to the shore with no captain or crew?”

He said, “Why are you asking and so quickly you want to take the answer? Wait, be patient until it comes to the shore and we will see.”

The boat came to the shore and three people came out of it: one captain and two crew members.

They said, “O `Ali! You see, there are people sailing this boat, commanding it to go with the wind.”

Sayyidina `Ali (r) replied, “SubhaanAllah, how much you have no mind! For a boat, you need three people to bring it here, but for this universe you are not accepting that there is a Creator moving that universe!”

They said, “Ash-hadu an laa ilaaha illa-Llah wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan rasoolullah!”

O Mu’mins, O Muslims! Don’t lose your fast! Teach your children and raise them on fasting.

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ، قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : " كُلُّ عَمَلِ ابْنِ آدَمَ يُضَاعَفُ ، الْحَسَنَةُ بِعَشْرِ أَمْثَالِهَا ، إِلَى سَبْعِ مِائَةِ ضِعْفٍ ، قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى : إِلا الصَّوْمَ ، فَإِنَّهُ لِي ، وَأَنَا أَجْزِي بِهِ ، يَدَعُ طَعَامَهُ ، وَشَهْوَتَهُ مِنْ أَجْلِي " .

Kullu `amali ‘bni Aadam yuda`afu al-hasanatu bi `ashri amthaalihaa, ilaa saba` miata di`f. Qaala allahu ta`ala: illa as-sawma fa innahu lee wa anaa ajzee bih. yada`a ta`mahu wa sharaabahu wa shahwatahu min ajlee.

All the deeds of the Children of Adam are multipled so that there are ten rewards for each good deed increasiing up to 700, and Allah said, “Except fasting, for it is done (purely) for Me and I reward for it. He gives up his food and his drink and his sexual desire for My Sake.” (Ahmad, in his Musnad)

For everything you do Allah (swt) rewards you multiple rewards more than you expect, and the good deed is rewarded with ten the like thereof.

Al-hasanatu bi `asharati amthaalihaa. Everything you do good, Allah (swt) gives you from ten to 700 rewards. Ilaa sabi`een ati da`af. Qaala Allah ta`ala: ilaa sawfa ila hu li, “Except fasting is for Me, no one can interfere! Angels don’t carry the fasting to My Presence, I am The One that rewards for it.” Wa anaa ajzee bihi, “Whatever I reward is beyond ten hasanaat, it is beyond 700 hasanaat!”

It means no one knows how much Allah (swt) rewards His Servants for Ramadan when they are fasting. Also Allah says, according to hadith of Prophet (s) narrated by Muslim:

Yada`a shahwatahu min ajlee, “He who leaves his dunya desires and pleasures of his wife and his food during the day fasting for My Sake, I am giving to the one who is fasting two happinesses in his life:

لصائم فرحتان فرحة عند فطرة وفرحة عند لقاء ربه

li ’s-saa`ami farhataan, farhatun `inda fitrih wa farhatun `inda liqaai Rabbih.

For the fasting one there are two great joys: one is at the time of his breaking fast and one at the time of his meeting his Lord.

One joy is when he breaks fast. That is why it is recommended by Prophet (s) when adhaan is called for Maghrib jump to break your fast, to expedite the happiness that Allah (swt) is going to give you. And on the Day of Judgment or the day of your death when your are going to your Lord’s Presence and the angels are asking you in your grave, “Did you fast?” that happiness cannot be counted. What Allah (swt) will give in their grave or on the Day of Judgment to those people who are fasting is unbelievable!

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : قال الله : كل عمل ابن آدم له إلا الصيام ، فإنه لي وأنا أجزي به ، والصيام جنة ، وإذا كان يوم صوم أحدكم فلا يرفث ولا يصخب ، فإن سابه أحد أو قاتله فليقل : إني امرؤ صائم . والذي نفس محمد بيده ، لخلوف فم الصائم أطيب عند الله من ريح المسك . للصائم فرحتان يفرحهما : إذا أفطر فرح ، وإذا لقي ربه فرح بصومه .

Qaala Rasoolullahi (s): Qaal Allah: kullu `amali ‘bn Adama lahu illa’s-siyaam. Fa-innahu lee wa anaa ajzee bih. W’a’s-siyaamu junnah. wa idhaa kaan yawma yasoomu ahadakum falaa yarfath wa laa yaskhab. Fa in saa bihi ahad aw qaatalahu fal-yaqool: innee ’mroo ’s-siyaam. w’alladhee nafsa Muhammad bi-yadihi la-khaloof fam as-saaima atyabu `inda’Llahi min reeh al-misk. Li ’s-saa`ami farhataan, farhatun `inda fitrih wa farhatun `inda liqaai Rabbih.

Allah’s Messenger (s) said that Allah (swt) said:

Every action of the Sons of Adam is for them except for fasting, for it is for Me and I will reward them with it. Fasting is a shield, and when any one of you fasts on a day, he should neither indulge in obscene language, nor raise the voice, or if anyone reviles him or tries to quarrel with him he should say, “I am a person fasting.” By Him in Whose Hand is the life of Muhammad, the breath of the one fasting is sweeter to Allah on the Day of Judgment than the fragrance of musk. The one who fasts has two occasions of joy: one when he breaks the fast, as he is glad with the breaking of the fast, and one when he meets his Lord, he is glad with his fast. (Bukhari)

Allah (swt) said, as-sawmu lee wa anaa ajzee bihi, “Fasting is for Me and I reward for it.” And it is more than the seven-hundred hasanaat, the maximum reward for a good deed; this reward is higher. (About His fasting servant,) Allah (swt) says, “He left the pleasure of wife and food for My Sake.” That is why for the one who is fasting, there are two happinesses in his life, as the Prophet (s) said:

للصائم فرحتان : فرحة عند فطره ، وفرحة عند لقاء ربه

Li ’s-saa`ami farhataan, farhatun `inda fitrih wa farhatun `inda liqaai Rabbih.

The one who puts aside his bad desires and his food for the sake of loving Me, I will grant him two happinesses: one when he breaks his fast, and one when he meets his Lord. (Muslim)

The hadith continues, “The smell of the breath of the fasting one is more precious than musk.” When you go to a meeting, you brush your teeth very well, and you spray your mouth to smell nice in the meeting, because they want to have a pleasant smell. Allah (swt) is saying, “The breath of the fasting person is better to Allah (swt) than the perfume of musk.” So Allah (swt) will like your smell when you open your mouth and it is dry from having fasted all day and too many unpleasant smells are in the mouth, and that is Allah's favorite smell of any smell He created in this life, because that is the scent of believers, and Allah will give them a fragrance in Paradise that if it came to dunya people would faint!

Sahl bin Sa`ad (r) related from the Prophet (s) inna fee Jannati baaban, one door, yu qaalu lahu Rayyaan, “Rayyaan” is “the juicy door” which means no one can pass without permission and when he passes he will be under the juice of the heavenly blessings of Allah's Beautiful Names and Attributes. yu qaalahu Rayyaan, that door will make you feel like you have been soaked with perfumes. Inna fee Jannati baaban qaalu lahu Rayyaan, that door is only for certain people. Yad khulu min as-Saaimoon and through that door all people who were fasting in dunya will enter Paradise!

Don’t you want yourself and those whom you love, your children, your wife and others to enter through that door? Then make sure they fast Ramadan, make sure it is for the entire ummah. We are speaking about all of us: our friends, our children, our grandchildren. Many people come and they did not pray for twenty years. How are they going to cover these missing prayers and fasts? It is too much.

روى سهل بن سعد – رضي الله عنه – عن النبي (صلى الله عليه وسلم) قال: (إن في الجنة باباً يقال له الريّان. يدخل منه الصائمون يوم القيامة لا يدخل منه أحد غيرهم، فإذا دخلوا أغلق فلم يدخل منه أحد [ومن دخل شرب ومن شرب لم يظمأ أبداً

Inna fi’l-jannat baaban yuqaala lahu’r-rayhaan. yadkhul minhu’s-saaimoon yawma’l-qiyaamat laa yadkhul minu aahadan ghayrihim. fa idhaa dakhaloo ughliqa falam yadkhul minhu aahad.

(Sahl Ibn Sa’ad (r) reported that the Prophet (s) said:) Verily, there is a door in Paradise, which is known as Ar-Rayyaan. On the Day of Judgement, the ones who fasted will enter through it; no one other than them will enter in through it and when they have entered it will close, so no one will enter through it (after them). (Bukhari and Muslim)

So those who like to enter Paradise have to come with their fasting. So that door is only for those who were fasting, laa yadkhulu aahadun ghayrahum, no one else will enter through that door to Paradise. Yu qaal, a Heavenly Voice will say, `ayn as-saaimoon, “Where are the fasting people?” Fa yaqumoon, and they stand up and they move, and laa yadkhulu aahadun ghayrahum, no one else can enter that door except them, from the whole Ummah, no hisaab, no accounts, no judgment, nothing! On the Day of Resurrection when everyone is in the heat of the burning sun over their heads burning their brains, a Heavenly Voice will say, “Where are the people who fasted Ramadan?” Those who fasted Ramadan will stand up and move, and no one can stand up except them as Allah (swt) will not give power to any others to enter, and when they enter that door is locked and no one will enter after that. This is narrated by Imam Bukhari (r) and Imam Muslim (r).

O Muslims! There are too many of these hadith which we will continue next Friday, but I will mention this one that the Prophet (s) said:

‏ ما من عبد يصوم يومًا في سبيل الله إلا باعد الله بذلك اليوم وجهه عن النار سبعين خريفًا‏‏

Maa min `abdin sawma yawman fee sabeeli-Llah illaa ba`da-Llaahi bi dhaalika ‘l-yawmi wajhahu `ani ‘n-naari saba`eena khareefaa.

For every slave of Allah who observes fasting for one day for the Sake of Allah, Allah will draw his face farther from Hellfire, to the extent of a distance to be covered in seventy years.”

(Bukhari and Muslim)

Not one servant fasts for Allah's Sake without Allah moving him seventy years away from Hellfire, seventy summer and fall seasons! If he fasts two days, Allah (swt) will take him 140 years away, and if he fasts another day, then he will be taken away for another seventy years! As much as you are fasting on important days that Allah (swt) and the Prophet (s) have mentioned, Allah will take you away from Hellfire! Count how many times you fasted voluntarily, and may Allah (swt) take us away from Hellfire even if we were not able to fast the voluntary days (non-Ramadan days). It is not an obligation to fast those days, but if you fast, Allah will make you far from the Hellfire by seventy years.



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