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Dhikr is the Head of Shukr

The Fiqh of Islam, Vol 27

Ramadan Series 2013

Mawlana Shaykh Hisham Kabbani

4 August 2013 Fenton Zawiya, Michigan

Fajr Suhbah

A`oodhu billahi min ash-Shaytaani 'r-rajeem. Bismillahi 'r-Rahmaani 'r-Raheem.

Nawaytu 'l-arba`een, nawaytu 'l-`itikaaf, nawaytu 'l-khalwah, nawaytu 'l-`uzlah,

nawaytu 'r-riyaadah, nawaytu 's-sulook, lillahi ta`alaa fee haadha 'l-masjid.

أَطِيعُواْ اللّهَ وَأَطِيعُواْ الرَّسُولَ وَأُوْلِي الأَمْرِ مِنكُمْ

Atee`oollaha wa atee`oo 'r-Rasoola wa ooli 'l-amri minkum.

Obey Allah, obey the Prophet, and obey those in authority among you. (Surat an-Nisa, 4:59)

As-salaam `alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuh. Salaam to all viewers wherever they are, and to those who are here, may Allah (swt) give us from His endless blessings. We mentioned before in this series since the beginning of Ramadan about the hadith of the Prophet (s), which is very important, where he says:

الدين نصيحة

Ad-deenu naseeha.

Religion is advice. (Abu Dawood)

Are you Muslims? (Yes.) I hope so, because the Prophet (s) said:

أخوف ما أخاف على أمتي الشرك الخفي

Akhwafu maa akhaafu `alaa ummattee ash-shirk al-khafee.

What I fear most for my ummah is hidden shirk.

“The thing I fear most for my ummah is the hidden shirk.” There is outside (external) shirk and we know you don’t do it, but the hidden shirk is what is dangerous, when you listen to your ego and bad desires and don’t listen to what Allah (swt) wants. So there is always a struggle here, “Should I do this or I don't do this? Do it for love of Allah or listen to Shaytan?” So it is a struggle and the Prophet (s) was worried for his ummah, and there is obvious shirk where people are not worshipping Allah (swt) or associating something to Allah (swt), where they claim Allah has a child or a son, or they call a plant or tree a God, but He (s) was worried for us not to have this hidden shirk, where people are not humbling themselves.

So we are Muslims, alhamdulillah, Allah created us Muslims, not because we are clever as we didn’t do anything; we opened our eyes and we saw our parents praying and fasting, so we learned praying and fasting. So we didn’t do anything, but we just followed their footsteps all the way to Prophet (s). That is what Allah (swt) likes as He says in Holy Qur’an:

قُلْ إِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللّهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَاللّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

Qul in kuntum tuhibboona 'Llaaha fattabi`oonee yuhbibkumullaahu wa yaghfir lakum dhunoobakum w 'Allaahu Ghafooru 'r-Raheem.

Say (O Muhammad), "If you (really) love Allah, then follow me! Allah will love you and forgive your sins, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surat Aali-`Imraan, 3:31)

Do you love Allah? Yes, by tongue, but inshaa-Allah also by heart. If it is by heart, then you have to follow the footsteps of the Prophet (s). Are we following the footsteps of Prophet (s)? We hope we are, inshaa-Allah. Follow Muhammad and Allah loves you, that is so simple! The Sahaabah (r) followed the Prophet (s) and Allah made them stars in dark skies.

أصحابي كالنجوم بأيهم اقتديتم اهتديتم

As-haabee ka 'n-nujoom bi ayyihim aqtadaytum ahtadaytum.

The Prophet (s) said:

My Companions are like stars (on a dark night); whichever of them you follow, you will be guided.

(`Abd ibn Humayd, ad-Daraqutnee, ibn `Adiyy, ibn `Abd al-Barr,

with unsound chains but the meaning is sound.)

That means that to follow one of them is enough, even follow only one hadith and it is enough, you will be lead to Paradise! So, ad-deenu naseeha, religion is good advice, and good advice is equal to religion. It is so simple. What is religion? It is based on one issue, in prayers we do it, in fasting we do it, in charity we do it, and in making Hajj we do it, in making Shahadah we do it, and all of them are under that and that is dhikrullah. Do you want Allah (swt) to be with you? (Yes!) You are so awake today! Do you want Allah to be with you, and then Allah is saying in Holy Hadith and the Prophet (s) related to us:

أَنَا جَلِيْسُ مَنْ ذَكَرَنِي

Anaa jaleesu man dhakaranee.

I sit with him who remembers me. (Ahmad, Bayhaqi)

It is so easy. So what do we have to do? Remember Allah through the footsteps of the Prophet (s), and there is a highway you must follow, don’t exit! There are too many exits from the highway, with Shaytan building all these bridges there to take you off the highway from the very beginning, so don’t exit, keep on the highway and you will find so many nice places to rest and enjoy from Allah’s Favors on you, the gardens that Allah gave to mu’mins, hilak adh-dhikr, the circles of dhikr.

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: (إذا مررتم برياض الجنة فارتعو) قالو وما رياض الجنة ؟قال حلق الذكر

Qaala Rasoolullah (s) idhaa marartum bi-riyaada ’l-jannatu farta`oo. Qaaloo wa maa riyaadul-jannah? Qaala hilaq adh-dhikr.

The Prophet (s) said to the Sahaabah (r):

“If you pass by the Gardens of Jannah, sit there and graze.” They asked, “What are the Gardens of Paradise?” The Prophet (s) replied, “The circles of dhikr.” (Tirmidhi)

“When you pass by the gardens of Paradise then sit with them.” And they asked, “What are the gardens of Paradise?” The Prophet (s) said, “The circles of dhikrullah,” like this association, that is dhikrullah. Dhikrullah is not only recitation of different Beautiful Names and Attributes, but also to recite Holy Qur'an, reading hadith, sitting in a naseeha, as advice is from dhikrullah. We related so many ahadith in the last ten lectures about dhikrullah and to show us the importance of dhikrullah the Prophet (s) said:

‏ أَلاَ أُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِخَيْرِ أَعْمَالِكُمْ وَأَرْضَاهَا عِنْدَ مَلِيكِكُمْ وَأَرْفَعِهَا فِي دَرَجَاتِكُمْ وَخَيْرٍ لَكُمْ مِنْ إِعْطَاءِ الذَّهَبِ وَالْوَرِقِ وَمِنْ أَنْ تَلْقَوْا عَدُوَّكُمْ فَتَضْرِبُوا أَعْنَاقَهُمْ وَيَضْرِبُوا أَعْنَاقَكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا وَمَا ذَاكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ ‏"‏ ذِكْرُ اللَّهِ

Shall I not tell you of the best of your deeds, the most pleasing to your Lord, those that raise you most in status, that are better than your gold and silver or meeting your enemy (in battle) and you strike their necks and they strike your necks?" They said, " What is that, O Messenger of Allah?" He said, "Remembering Allah (dhikrullah)." (Ibn Majah)

Do you want me to tell you of your best deeds?

الدين نصيحة

Ad-deenu naseeha.

Religion is advice. (Abu Dawood)

Ad-deenu naseeha, “Religion is advice,” and naseeha is ad-deen, and ad-deen is dhikr, and therefore, dhikr is naseeha! It is a simple formula. So the Prophet (s) wanted to tell them advice on dhikrullah. It is easy, when you put it as easy then it is easy. So how much you are in this circle of dhikrullah? What are you doing here? Farta`oo, when you find a circle of dhikrullah then graze in it, literally, sit and enjoy good spiritual food as you cannot find that kind of food somewhere else. Not in the meaning that there are none others like that, but it means there are none like that nearby, but you might find around the globe thousands of gatherings like that, people are sitting and remembering Allah. So the Prophet (s) said, “Do you want me to tell you of the best of your `amal?” “Of course,” what more do they want than that? Wa azkahaa `inda maleekikum, and the most delightful, very sweet and nice, and zaki, it is the most delightful in front of your King, the Creator, Allah?” “Wa arfa`a fee darajaatikum, it is most effective in taking you up in levels,” wa khayrin lakum, “the best for you, more than something important?”

So the Prophet (s) with all this introduction brought all this to tell you the importance of dhikrullah in Allah's Presence. It is the highest in levels, the sweetest and the best of your `amal, infaaqu ‘dh-dhahab wa ‘l-waraq, it is better than spending gold and silver and paper money, as much as you can carry, and however rich you are, like there are billionaires today and trillionaires, you are richer than all of that if you spend time in dhikrullah, and Allah will give you more than that! Wa khayrun lakum min an talqu `adoowwakum fatadriboo `anaaqahum wa yadriboo `anaaqakum, and it is better for you, for every Muslim who remembers Allah (swt), than to go to the battlefield and fight the enemy where you are cutting their necks and they are cutting your necks; with all that danger, doing dhikrullah is better for you and to stand in front of that is nothing!

Qaloo balaa yaa Rasoolullah, “Yes, of course we are waiting to hear what is better,” and he said, “Dhikrullah, that is better than all those.” Narrated by Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and Hakim, this is a sahih hadith. And now we found deen equals naseeha and naseeha equals dhikr, and now we find that the highest level of dhikrullah is shukr, is the head of thanking Allah, the raas of shukr. It means when you thank Allah (swt) you thank Him with the highest level possible by making dhikrullah, thanking Him for His favors by dhikrullah.

And I will introduce something here that will give us an idea, and you might say, “O, why mention that?” but this is hadith and laa hayaat fi ’d-deen, there is no shyness in religion. So to give you an idea, and we mentioned that the Prophet (s) said dhikrullah is better than spending gold and silver in Allah's Way and better than jihad, and we mentioned hadith that the Prophet (s) said to remember Allah until they say you are crazy.

أَكْثِرُوا ذِكْرَ اللَّهِ حَتَّى يَقُولُوا مَجْنُونٌ

Akthiroo dhikrullahi hattaa yaqooloo majnoon.

Remember Allah (swt) so much that people start saying, “He has gone mad.” (Ahmad, Musnad)

So shukr is the head of dhikrullah. And I will introduce this hadith to show how shukr goes from the bottom level to the highest. What is one of the best ni`mah that Allah gave us, one of the best? Don’t say no and don't smile! Whenever he (a mureed) eats, he rubs on his tummy and says, yaa lahaa ni`mat, “What a great favor Allah gave human beings.” Of course you eat ni`mat, but also if it stays too long inside your stomach, it becomes a poison. So Allah gave you another ni`mat. I said don't smile! It is a ni`mat that you have to say, “Thank you, Allah.” Yaa lahaa ni`mat. If people only knew its value, qadr.

وكان بعض السلف يقول الحمد لله الذي اذاقني لذته وابقى في منفعة واذهب عني مضرته

wa kaana b`ad as-salaf yaqool alhamdulillahi ’Lladhee adhaaqanee ladhdhatahu wa abqaa fiyya manfi`ata wa adhhaba `annee madarratahu.

some of the predecessors used to say: Alhamdulillah that Allah has granted us the pleasure of that food, that Allah gave us nice food,” abqaa fiyya manfi`atan, “He gave me the ni`mat of eating and kept it in my body the benefit of it, the vitamins.”

How does the body know the vitamins and keep them? What kind of software is there? Is it correct, people watching on TV, what kind of knowledge that doctors cannot understand, that you eat the best of food and take the minerals and vitamins from the food and the rest goes out? Who does that? What kind of mechanism? There is a doctor of internal medicine here. And they continue, wa adhhaba `annee madarratahu, “Thank Allah, that he takes out what is harmful.”

There is a story that one king, one time, and the king likes to have someone with him to make jokes to make them happy after a lot of problems and depression during day, so he had such a person and that man knew this hadith of the Prophet (s), because they would study hadith.

He said to him, “O my king! The best food than all you eat is the food you take out from your stomach. This is the biggest ni`mat that Allah gave to you.”

He said, “How dare you say to the king like that?”

He said, “King or not king, Allah doesn't know as everyone is a servant! The best ni`mat is to get the food out of your stomach.”

So the king put him in prison, as how dare he spoke to him that way? He said, “You have to celebrate that,” laa hayaat fi ’d-deen, There is no shyness in religion! We have to know these things. And so that king did not agree and put him in prison. So Allah knows what that man read on him as he was a hidden one, and the king was not able to go to the bathroom. He was getting bigger and bigger, and they advised the king, “We think that is from this man,” and they brought that man.

He said, “O king! Did you believe what I told you?”

He said, “Yes I believe it,” and then the man rubbed his belly and immediately all came out.

That is a ni`mat, shukrullah. I mentioned this to know that the lowest favor is to go and change wudu when you have to go bathroom. So that is the lowest, but still you have to thank Allah for it, and adh-dhikru raasu ’sh-shukr, dhikr is the head of shukr. It is so simple, if someone is not making dhikrullah, he is not thanking Allah. Whatever you are, if you are a king or not, if you don’t make dhikrullah then you are not thanking Him and when you thank Him, you are doing dhikrullah.

Sayyidina Musa (a) said, as mentioned by Bayhaqi:

أن موسى عليه السلام قال : رب قد أنعمت علي كثيراً فدلني على أن أشكرك كثيراً ، قال : ( اذكرني كثيراً فإذا ذكرتني كثيراً فقد شكرتني كثيراً وإذا نسيتني فقد كفرتني )

“O Allah! You gave me a lot of favors. I thank you for it and show me the way to thank You a lot. Fa dullunee `alaa an ashkuraka katheera, guide me to thank You a lot. I know a little bit how to thank you, but show me how to thank You a lot.”

He said, “Do you want to thank Me a lot?”

And Sayyidina Musa (as) said, “Yes, of course, that is my intention.”

Allah replied, “Udhkurnee katheeran, Remember Me too much, and fa idhaa dhakartanee katheeran faqad shakartanee katheeran, if you remember Me too much you have thanked Me too much, so dhikr equals shukr. And if you forget Me, idhaa naseetanee, faqad kafartanee, if you forget Me then you have entered something dangerous,” not kufr here, that someone is not believing in Allah, sometimes in Arabic you use the same word but is has different means, so here kafartanee means, “You denied Me, you did something wrong, a sin.” So Allah (swt) said, “If you don't remember Me too much, it means you denied Me too much.”

Bayhaqi narrates that `Abdullah ibn Salaam said that Sayyidina Musa (a) said:

قال موسى عليه السلام : يا رب ما الشكر الذي ينبغي لك فأوحى الله تعالى إليه : أن لا يزال لسانك رطباً من ذكري ، قال : يا رب إني أكون على حال أجلك أن أذكرك فيها ، قال : وما هي ؟ قال : أكون جنباً أو على الغائط أو إذا بلت ، فقال : وإن كان ، قال : يا رب ، فما أقول ؟ قال : تقول سبحانك وبحمدك وجنبني الأذى وسبحانك وبحمدك فقني الأذى

“What kind of shukr do you want me to remember You with?” And Sayyidina Musa (a) was inspired, “Fa awhaa ‘Llaahu ta`ala ilayhi anna laa yazaalu lisaanaka ratban min dhikree, make your tongue always wet by remembering Me; don't let your tongue get dry,” which means “keep it from moving (still), so keep it loose by having My dhikr on the tongue always.”

Sayyidina Musa (a) said, “Sometimes I am in a situation and I like to remember You, and at that time I am not clean, I need a shower (as after maturity sometimes you need a shower). I am not clean, I have no wudu. What do I have to do? Qaala yaa rabbee innee akoonu `alaa haalin ujilluka an adhkuruka feehaa, I like at that time to thank You and remember You and make Your dhikr. Qaala wa maa hiya qaala akoonu junooban aw `ala ‘l-ghaaita aw idhaa baalta, but either I need a shower or I need to go to bathroom or go to the small bathroom, so can I use it?”

And Allah (swt) said, “Wa in kaan, even so, you are allowed to do dhikrullah, no problem.”

Although we are under obligation, I cannot say obligation, but a recommendation to be in wudu all the time, when you lose your wudu quickly make your wudu. Some people cannot make wudu all the time as it is difficult in certain places, but you can still do dhikrullah it’s no problem. Whatever you memorized, you can read it, there is no problem.

Sayyidina Musa (a) said, “Qaala fa yaa rabbee fa maa aqool, what do I have to say? I like to praise You and I like to remember You so what do I have to say, tell me something?”

Allah (swt) said, “Qaala taqool subhaanaka wa bi-hamdika wa janibni ‘l-adhaa. Say, ‘O Allah! Glory be to You and Your Praise, and thank You and protect me from any harm that comes to me, a harm from having a problem with my health. Wa subhaanaka wa bi-hamdika faqinee ‘l-adhaa, praise be to You and thank You and I am glorifying you that You protected from harm.’”

Sayyida `Ayesha (r) said, and the Sahaabah (r) learned from the wives of the Prophet (s) all these female issues, Sayyida `Ayesha (r) narrated:

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ كَانَ يَذْكُرُ اللَّهَ عَلَى كُلِّ أَحْيَانِهِ

Kaana yadhkurullah `alaa kulli ahyaanih.

The Messenger of Allah used to remember Allah in all circumstances. (Ibn Majah)

Kaana yadhkurullah `alaa kulli ahyaanih wa lam tastathnee haala min haal, “The Prophet (s) used to remember Allah (swt) in all cases,” even when he was junoob, needed a shower or didn't have wudu, he was still doing dhikrullah on his tongue and his heart never stopped doing dhikrullah.” Amma fee haali ‘l-takhalee fa lam yakun yushaahiduhu ahad, “As for when he entered the bathroom, no one knows as no one was there; we don't know if he was doing dhikr,” but we think he stopped and then for sure only his tongue and heart stopped dhikrullah, but other than that, his tongue was busy in dhikrullah. Wa laakinna sharra` li-ummatihi min al-adhkaar qabla ‘l-takhalee, “He (s) gave you dhikrullah that you can mention until the moment you enter the bathroom,” so then imagine how important is dhikrullah! So when you go to the bathroom, there is dhikr to mention: innee a`oodhu bika rabbee mi ‘l-khuboothi wa ‘l-khabaa'ith, “I seek refuge in You, my Lord, from the evil of devils and their filth.”

It is said that Allah loves for His servant to do dhikrullah even in markets, that means anytime of day, night, or wherever you are, make dhikrullah and don’t stop.

The Prophet (s) taught Mu`adh (r), “I love you, I love you and I love you, and don’t forget after every prayer to say, ‘Allahumma anta 's-salaam, allahumma a`innee `alaa dhikrika wa shukrika wa husna `ibaadatik’”

"‏يا معاذ، والله إني لأحبك، ثم أوصيك يا معاذ لا تدعن في دبر كل صلاة تقول‏:‏ اللهم أعني على ذكرك وشكرك، وحسن عبادتك

Mu'adh bin Jabal (r) reported:

The Messenger of Allah (s) held my hand and said, "O Mu'adh, by Allah I love you and advise you not to miss supplicating after every salaat by saying, allahumma a`innee `alaa dhikrika wa shukrika, wa husni `ibadatika, “O Allah! Help me remember You, expressing gratitude to You and worship You in the best manner.” (Abu Dawud and An- Nasa'i)

May Allah grant us all this barakah that the Prophet (s) taught the Sahaabah (r)!

Abu Hurayrah (r) related that the Prophet (s) said:

الْمُؤْمِنُ مِرْآةُ الْمُؤْمِنِ وَالْمُؤْمِنُ أَخُو الْمُؤْمِنِ يَكُفُّ عَلَيْهِ ضَيْعَتَهُ وَيَحُوطُهُ مِنْ وَرَائِهِ

The believer is the mirror of his brother. The believer is the brother of a believer: he protects him from ruin and guards his back. (Bukhari, al-Adab al-Mufrad)

Al-mu'min miraat al-mu'min, “The mu’min is the mirror of his brother.” So you do dhikrullah and he does also it, it’s a mirror, a reflection, so you have to appear in the best form to your brother because you reflect yourself on him and he reflects himself on you and as you do dhikrullah he does dhikrullah, and you say, “Shukr, yaa Rabb,” --I am sitting near you and I say, “Shukran yaa Rabb,” what do you say? (Shukran yaa Rabb), and that is like a reminder, an alarm, fa dhakkir, to remind people:

وَذَكِّرْ فَإِنَّ الذِّكْرَى تَنفَعُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

Fa dhakkir fa-inna ’dh-dhikraa tanfa` al-mu’mineen.

Remind people that dhikrullah is piety of the believers. (Surat adh-Dhaariyaat, 51:55)

Don’t say, “I already know it,” because that is kufr, not in the meaning of unbelief, but that is disregarding valuable advice. The Prophet (s) said, “The believer is the brother of the believer.”

إن أحدكم مرآة أخيه ، فإن رأى به أذى فليمط عنه

inna ahadakum miraat akheehi fa in ra'a feehi adhaa fa-yamuttu `anhaa

And the Prophet (s) said, “One of you is the mirror of his brother, so if you see something wrong try to help him with that.” (Tirmidhi)

That is part of the good manners and part of religion, where the Prophet (s) said:

انما بعثت لاتمم مكارم الاخلاق

Innamaa bu`ithtu li utammimu makaarim al-akhlaaq.

I have been sent to perfect the best of conduct (your behavior and character). (Bazzaar)

“I have been sent to complete the best of manners in you.” What is best manner? Dhikrullah, to remember Allah, to remember all the Beautiful Names and Attributes that are the source of blessings for everyone! May Allah (swt) give us more and more from the barakah of the Prophet (s). I will end with this and next time we will speak on love of Ahl al-Bayt.

Abu Bakr (r) entered the masjid and the Prophet (s) was on the minbar giving khutbah, and Hasan ibn Sayyidina `Ali (r) was by him on the minbar. Wa huwa yukhbir `ala an-naasi marratan wa `alayhi ukhraa. When you are giving khutbah you don’t want anyone to disturb and the imaam doesn't want to be disturbed, but look at the love of Ahl al-Bayt, how the Prophet (s) was treating them. It is not like today where we don’t mention their stories or their biographies and we say, “We are lovers of the Prophet (s).” We have to take the lesson of how they took Shahadah fee sabeelillah! When they promised they kept their promise.

المؤمن إذا وعد وفى

Al-mu’minu idhaa wa`da wafaa.

A believer keeps his promise. (Abu Daud, Darqutni, al-Hakim)

Al-mu’minu idhaa wa`da wafaa. “When the believer promises, he keeps it. Sayyidina al-Husayn promised to support the people of Baghdad and they warned him not to go and he said, “I gave my word,” and they killed him and killed his children in front of him and his whole family. And not only that, they cut them to pieces! How can they do that? And Ahlu ‘s-Sunnah wa ‘l-Jama`ah does not remember that incident to keep in their hearts how much the Ahl al-Bayt suffered for us to reach that level, for Islam to reach us.

So Sayyidina al-Hasan was beside Prophet (s) on the steps of the minbar, and the Prophet (s) was directing his face to the people and giving khutbah and spoke one sentence, two sentences, then looking at Sayyidina al-Hasan and petting him, making him to feel happy, showing the importance of love. If you don’t show love to your brothers and sisters, to your families, to your communities, then you are not following the sunnah of the Prophet (s)! In kuntum tuhibboona 'Llaaha, if you really love Allah then follow Muhammad (s). Then he advised them and looked at his grandson, then said to the people, “Wa yaqool inibnee hadha sayyidun, this is my grandson, my child is sayyid, master, leader. Wa la`ala Allah yaslih bayan bihee fi'atayn min al-qawmee muslimeen, it is going to happen, (he is predicting) that through him, Allah will bring about peace between two groups of people.”

أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مَنْصُورٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُوسَى، إِسْرَائِيلُ بْنُ مُوسَى قَالَ سَمِعْتُ الْحَسَنَ، يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا بَكْرَةَ، يَقُولُ لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ وَالْحَسَنُ مَعَهُ وَهُوَ يُقْبِلُ عَلَى النَّاسِ مَرَّةً وَعَلَيْهِ مَرَّةً وَيَقُولُ ‏ "‏ إِنَّ ابْنِي هَذَا سَيِّدٌ وَلَعَلَّ اللَّهَ أَنْ يُصْلِحَ بِهِ بَيْنَ فِئَتَيْنِ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ عَظِيمَتَيْنِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Bakr (r) said:

I saw the Messenger of Allah (s) on the minbar and al-Hasan was with him. He would turn to the people sometime and turn to him sometimes, and he (s) said, 'This son of mine is a leader (Sayyid) and Allah (swt) may make peace between two large groups of Muslims through him.'" (an-Nasai)

And that is what happened in order to avoid bloodshed: Sayyidina al-Hasan (r) left the Khilafah, he abdicated and gave it to Mu`awiya. He was the last to give baya`, but he dropped it and didn't want the group of Sayyidina `Ali (r) and Mu`awiya to fight another time. May Allah forgive us and may Allah bless us!

Wa min Allahi 't-tawfeeq, bi hurmati 'l-habeeb, bi hurmati 'l-Fatihah.

We continue tomorrow inshaa-Allah, a new page, we see what will come. We thank you for coming.


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